Posts Tagged ‘education’

The following is a transcript of a talk delivered on this subject:

The Prophet (saw) said: “Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim”

Today unfortunately we see many Muslims who when it comes to their education, work or even entertainment they would gain a lot of knowledge regarding these areas, however when it comes to the Deen they have very little. Indeed the Prophet (saw) mentioned this time:

Hazzam bin Hakeem narrated from his uncle from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) who said: “You are in a time of many jurisprudents (fuqaha), few speakers, many who give and few who ask; so action in this time is better than knowledge. There will soon come a time of few jurisprudents, many speakers, many who beg and few who give; so knowledge in this time is better than action.”

What type of knowledge is Fard ul Ayn?

Firstly, It is obligatory upon us all to believe in Islam definitively without a doubt and therefore this knowledge must be known to us. This is the knowledge of the fundamentals of Aqeeda

He (swt) says: “And verily guess is no substitute for the truth.” [TMQ 53:28]

And He (swt) said: “They have no (certain) knowledge. They follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (‘Isa).” [TMQ 4:157]

“Do you have Ilm for that which you claim so that you provide us with? You follow nothing but conjecture (Zann).” [TMQ 6:148]

“These are nothing but names which you have devised, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. They follow nothing but conjecture and what their Nafs desire. Even though there has already come to them the Guidance from their Rabb” [TMQ 53:23]

Jalaluddin as-Suyuti, a Mujtahid Imam of the Shafi madhab has commented on this verse, that the people had zann (conjecture) which is opposed to knowledge (ilm) i.e. certain knowledge. He also stated that Allah had sent down definitive proof (Burhan Qati) for the truth of the Islamic Aqeeda. [Tafseer al Jalalayn page 627. It is stated in Reliance of the Traveller Ahmed ibn Naqib al misri (ra) (769/1368) Book of Qada (Judiciary)]
In all of these and other ayaat (verses) to do with beliefs Allah (swt) censures those who take the beliefs through conjecture (Zann) and decisively prohibits them from this.

Therefore it is prohibited for us to have emotional belief or belief based on imitation. We must know for ourselves that Allah (swt) exists, that Muhammad (saw) is His last Messenger, the Quran is the word of Allah and whatever is contained in it is the truth such as the belief in the angels, previous books, previous prophets, the day of Judgment, Jannah, Jahannam, etc.

Secondly, it is an individual obligation for us to know the Shariah rules related to our own lives and actions.

Allah (swt) has addressed us directly in the Quran on so many occasions:

“O you who believe, obey Allah and His Messenger”

We know that our purpose in life is to worship Allah (swt) as Allah said:

“I have not created Jinn or mankind except that they worship me” [TMQ 51:57]

Allah (swt) has also clearly ordered us to take from the Messenger (saw):

“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad [saw]) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).” [TMQ59:7]

Therefore we must at least know the Shariah rules relating the Fara’id (obligations) and Muharramat (prohibitions) from our actions such as:
– The ahkam (rules) of Salah
– The ahkam of relationships with the opposite sex
– The ahkam of responsibility to parents
– The ahkam of buying
– The ahkam of replying the to the Salam
– The ahkam of backbiting
– The ahkam of working for Khilafah
– The ahkam of Riba (usury)

Whatever actions we undertake we need to know the hukm before performing the action, there is a principle in Usul: Every actions requires a hukm and every hukm requires an evidence

Therefore it is Fard for a doctor to know the ahkam relating to his field, e.g. is post-mortem allowed, rules relating to treating the opposite sex, using intoxicants for medical purposes, etc.

For an Imam of the Masjid it is Fard to know the ahkam relating to leading the prayer, the obligations of the Khutba, the responsibility towards the Muslims, the obligations of speaking the truth from the Minbar, etc.

It is Fard for the teacher to know whether it is permitted to teach subjects that contradict Islam and promote Kufr, the ahkam of teaching members of the opposite sex, the ahkam of disciplining the student.

It is Fard for the husband to know his obligations towards his wife, what are the prohibited actions to undertake with her, how can he discipline her if she is disobedient, etc. Similarly for the wife to know her responsibilities towards her husband, parent towards the child, child towards the parents and so on.

It is Fard for the Khalifah of the Muslims to know ahkam relating to his responsibility, etc.

We must ensure that we follow the Shariah and not rules invented from the mind

In the Hadith in Sahih of Bukhari, on the authority of ‘Urwa b. al-Zubayr who said: ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Amr b. al-‘As overcame us with proof. I heard him say: “Allah will not deprive you of knowledge after he has given it to you, but it will be taken away through the death of the learned men (Ulema’a) with their knowledge. There will remain ignorant people who, when consulted, will give verdicts according to their opinions whereby they will mislead others and themselves go astray.” i.e. they give Fatwas according to their own opinions which are not derived from the Islamic evidences.

In the authentic Hadith the Prophet (saw) said: “The best speech is the Book of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (saw). And the evil matters are the newly invented issues and every Bida’a (innovation) is a misguidance.” The ‘newly invented issues’ are the Bida’a (innovations), they are whatever contradicts the Islamic evidences.

Hadith narrated by Al-Daraqtuni in Al-Afrad, of Anas of the Prophet (saw), where he said: “Whomever cheats my Ummah has the curse of Allah, the Angels and the people combined, upon him. They asked: What is cheating, Oh Prophet of Allah? He said: If he invented an innovation for them, and they acted upon it”.

“Whoever speaks about the Quran without any knowledge, then let him seek his place in the fire of hell.” [Tirmidhi , Abu Dawud]

Islam has forbidden us from following any path other than the path of ‘Ilm: “And follow not that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah).” [TMQ 17:36]

Even if we are not aware of the evidence, we must know that the hukm is derived from the Islamic texts by legitimate Ijtihad

“So ask the people of the Reminder (ahl al-zikr) if you do not know.” [TMQ 21:7]

He (swt) has ordered the one who does not have the knowledge to ask the one who is more knowledgeable than him.

It has also been narrated on the authority of Jabir (ra): “a man was struck by a stone that fractured his skull. Then he had a wet dream. He asked his companions – do you know of a permit (Rukhsa) for me to perform Tayammum (dry ablution)? – They said – we do not find any permit for you and you can use water. He then had a bath and died. The Prophet (saw) said: “Verily, it would have sufficed for him to make Tayammum, so tie a piece of cloth around his head and wipe over it and wash the rest of his body.’ And the Prophet (saw) said: ‘why did they not ask when they did not know. Indeed, the cure for inability and lack of knowledge is to ask.” [Abu Dawud: 275, Ibn Majah: 565, Ahmad: 2898] The Messenger (saw) instructed them to ask about the Hukm Shar’ai.

We have to be careful from whom we take our knowledge in relation to the Shariah rules, they should be someone we trust and someone who basis their opinions upon the Islamic evidences.

A narration of Imam Zuhri springs to mind, “Be careful from whom you take your knowledge, because that is your Deen.”

We should beware of all government Mufti’s, scholars and Imams – also those who have openly violated the Shariah or given verdicts that contradict the Qati (definitive) matters.

Abu Hanifah said, “If you see the scholar at the gates of the ruler then accuse him in his Deen”.

True scholars never compromise the truth. Let us take the example of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimallah), the master of Hadeeth, the Mujtahid of Makkah and to whom the Hanbali Madhab is attributed. In his time Ma’moon became Khaleefah who had adopted the Mu’tazilla belief that the Quran was created and attempted to force this belief upon the masses.

He started with the Ulema as they were the ones who had the leadership over the Ummah. Amongst the Ulema was Imam Ahmad who refused to accept this corrupt doctrine. His uncle went to him and asked him to say with his tongue what he does not accept in his heart, to this he responded, “If the Alim stays silent in the face of falsehood when will the truth become manifest”.

The recommended knowledge

Gaining knowledge in the other areas of Islam which is beyond the knowledge of the fundamentals of Aqeeda and direct ahkam for our lives is mandub (recommended. Such as knowing the evidences for the ahkam, knowledge of the Seerah, Islamic history (Tarikh), Tafseer, Arabic language, Ilm al-Hadith and Usul ul-Fiqh.

We should strive to achieve this knowledge continuously

The rewards of gaining knowledge

Al-Bukhari narrated through Mu’awiyya bin Abu Sufyan: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:
“The one for whom Allah wills good (khayr), He grants him fiqh in the deen.”

It was narrated that Umar bin al-Khattab said: “The death of one thousand worshippers who pray at night and worship in the day is less serious than the death of one intelligent knower (baseer) of the halal and haram of Allah.”

All these narrations indicate to us as Muslims, and emphasise the importance of seeking knowledge.

Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The word of wisdom is the lost property of the believer, so wherever he finds it he has a better right to it.” (Tirmidhi).

Abu Dardaa’ (ra) said: “To learn of one issue (in deen) is better for me than to pray the entire night”

He also said: “The scholar and the seeker of knowledge are the partners in the sharing of good. Other men are hungry and there is no good in them.”

Fath Al Musilee (radhiallahu anhu) said: “Would the sick person who is not fed or given anything to drink or given any medicine, not die?” The people replied: “Surely!” He said: “It is the same with the heart, it would die if knowledge and wisdom is withheld from it.”

Narrated Abdullah bin Masud (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Do not wish to be like anyone except in two cases. (1) (The first is) A person, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously; (2) (the second is) the one whom Allah has given wisdom and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol 1).

Abu Huraira said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “People are like mines of silver and gold; the more excellent of them in the days of Ignorance are the more excellent of them in Islam when they attain knowledge.” (Muslim, Mishkat).

Status of people of knowledge

The people of knowledge have a special status in Islam, we should respect them

“Say: “Are those who know equal to those who know not?” It is only men of understanding who will remember.” [TMQ az-Zumar:9]

Jabir (ra) reported: After the battle of Uhud, the Prophet (saw) arranged the burial of two of the martyrs in one grave. In each case he would ask, “Which one of them had learnt more Qur’an by heart?” He placed whichever was thus pointed out to him, first in the Lahd (type of grave). [Bukhari]

‘Ubaadah b. as-Saamit (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “He is not from my Ummah who does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders, who shows no mercy to our younger ones and nor recognises the right of our scholar.” Al-Munziri said: reported by Ahmad with a hasan chain. Al-Haythami said: reported by Ahmad and at-Tabaraani and its isnad is hasan.

Abdullah b. al-Mas’ud (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “Let those be nearest to me in Salah (prayer) who are mature and possess (religious) knowledge, then those who are nearest to them in these respects.” He repeated this three times and then added, “Beware of indulging in the loose talks of the markets (when you are in the mosque).” [Muslim]

Abu Musa (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “It is out of reverence to Allah that we respecting an aged Muslim, and the one who commits the Qur’an to memory and does not exaggerate pronouncing its letters and nor forgets it after memorising, and to respect the just ruler.” Reported by Abu Dawud. An-Nawawi said the hadith is hasan. Ibn Muflih said the isnad is jayyid.

May Allah (swt) enable us to gain the correct knowledge and apply it.

ENDNOTE/SOURCE: Islamic Revival

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بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم


Menjadi wanita memang menyenangkan, apalagi wanita “Muslimah”, sebab muslimah bererti wanita yang telah diseleksi oleh Allah untuk menerima hidayah-Nya dan menjalankan kehidupan sesuai dengan sunnah Rasul-Nya. Rasulullah sebagai manusia pilihan Allah, sangat peduli terhadap muslimah.

Baginda sangat menyayangi muslimah sehingga beliau berpesan dalam sebuah hadits yang diriwayatkan oleh Ibnu Abbas,

“Tidaklah seorang muslim yang mempunyai anak dua orang perempuan kemudian ia berbuat baik dalam berhubungan dengan keduanya akan bisa memasukannya ke dalam surga.”

Di masa baginda hidup kaum wanita merasakan angin segar dalam kehidupannya, setelah sebelumnya pada masa jahiliyah hidup teraniaya, tidak mendapatkan hak yang semestinya. Kehidupan wanita muslimah saat itu boleh dikata beruntung dibandingkan dengan wanita sekarang pada umumnya. Kerana muslimah relatif hidup dalam komuniti masyarakat yang memahami nilai Islam secara baik. Hidup mereka betul-betul tersanjung, kerana mereka merasakan hidup sesuai fitrahnya.

Berbeza dengan situasi sekarang, ketika banyak wanita menuntut persamaan hak dan darjat. Boleh dikatakan kehidupan wanita sekarang berada ditengah komuniti masyarakat yang tidak memahami nilai-nilai Islam. Ini menyebabkan keserabutan dalam hidup mereka. Sudah tentu wanita muslimah harus berupaya menghilangkan dugaan tersebut. Caranya adalah dengan mulai mengaktifkan dirinya dalam pelaksanaan nilai-nilai Islam serta berupaya mengajak wanita lain untuk beramal Islami.

Ustadz Faisal Maulawi, seorang Mufti Lebanon, menyatakan, “Saatnya sekarang keadaan ummat sedang dalam keadaan bahaya, para wanita muslimah yang solehah terjun untuk terlibat aktif dalam membentengi dan memperbaiki ummat.”

Untuk menjadi muslimah yang disayang oleh Rasulullah SAW hendaknya diperhatikan empat hal berikut:

1. Faqihah Lidiiniha

Seorang muslimah hendaklah faqih (paham) terhadap din (agamanya). Selayaknya ia dapat membaca Al-Qur’an dengan baik dalam erti tajwid dan makhraj hurufnya. Kemudian dapat membaca hadits dan selalu pula menjadi bacaan hariannya, karena dengan itu ia memahami keinginan Rasulnya untuk kemudian berusaha menyesuaikan kehidupannya sesuai dengan cara hidup Rasulullah SAW.

Ia juga harus berusaha memperkaya diri dan wawasannya melalui belajar kepada seorang guru yang jujur dalam menyampaikan ilmunya, dan berusaha banyak membaca buku agama lainnya seperti tentang aqidah, akhlaq, fiqh, sirah, fiqh da’wah, Tarikh Islam, sejarah dunia dan ilmu kontemporari lainnya. Contoh muslimah yang menguasai ilmu-ilmu ini adalah Aisyah RA.

2. Najihah fi Tarbiyyati Auladiha

Seorang aktivis muslimah yang telah berkeluarga hendaklah berupaya dalam mendidik anaknya, bahkan bagi seorang aktivis yang belum berkeluarga pun seharusnya mempelajari bagaimana cara mendidik anak dalam Islam, kerana ilmu tersebut fardhu ‘ain, sehingga mempelajarinya sama dengan mempelajari wudhu, sholat, puasa, dan sebagainya. Sehingga ia tahu betul cara mendidik anak dalam Islam yang nantinya anak-anak tersebut akan ia persembahkan untuk kejayaan Islam dan kaum muslimin. Insya Allah kelak ia akan menjadi Ibu yang sukses seperti Hajar dan Khadijah ra.

3. Muayyidah fi Da’wati Zaujiha

Sebagai aktivis amal Islami, kepedulian kita bukan hanya kepada masalah luaran, mengupayakan pelaksanaan amal Islam terhadap orang lain, akan tetapi kepedulian terhadap aktiviti keluarga harus lebih diutamakan, misalnya memberikan motivasi amal Islami kepada anak, pembantu, juga suami. Ia menjadi muslimah yang senantiasa menjadi motivator kebaikan suaminya, seperti Ummu Sulaim yang menikah dengan Abu Tholhah dengan mahar syahadat.

Namun ketika Abu Tholhah wafat Rasulullah mensholatkannya sampai sembilan kali takbir, menunjukkan sayangnya Rasulullah kepada beliau karena tidak pernah berhenti dalam beramal dan berjihad bersama Rasul. Hal ini ia lakukan karena selalu mendapat motivasi dari Ummu Sulaim, istrinya.

4. Naafi’ah Fi Tagyiiri Biiatiha

Ia selalu peduli terhadap lingkungannya, selalu membuka mata dan telinga untuk mengetahui keadaan sekelilingnya, selalu mengupayakan lingkungannya menjadi lebih baik. Contohnya Ummu Syuraik yang selalu mengelilingi pasar bila saat sholat tiba untuk mengingatkan penghuni pasar agar segera melaksanakan sholat dengan kalimatnya yang terkenal ‘Assholah, Assholah!!!’

Demikian semoga dengan empat hal ini kita dapat menjadi aktivis Muslimah yang di cintai Rasulullah SAW. Amin.

Wallahu’alam.

Endnotes/Sources: Ustadzah Yoyoh Yusroh [@ ILuvIslam.com]

<Aduhai teman, tidakkah kau sedar bahawa dunia ini hanyalah suatu persinggahan? Maka, perlulah kita bersegera kembali kepada hakiki. Menuai bekalan bagi menempuh perjalanan ke negeri abadi itu… Sesungguhnya teman, persinggahan ini cumalah satu… sekali sahaja… hanya satu tiket, satu perhentian… bangunlah, usah kita terus terleka dalam mimpi yang sementara ini…>

بارك الله فيكم وجزاكم الله خير الجزاء

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

Rasanya agak janggal jika kita membincangkan masalah ilmu tanpa di ketengahkan apakah tugas yang perlu kita tunaikan di dalam misi menuntut ilmu, dan apakah akhlak yang perlu ada dan tanggungjawab yang perlu kita pikul terhadap ilmu yang kita pelajari.


TUGAS PENUNTUT ILMU

Secara Umum, dapat digariskan empat tugas seorang penuntut ilmu:

1 ) Memperbetulkan Niat
Perkara pertama yang perlu diambil perhatian oleh penuntu ilmu, ialah mempunyai keikhlasan niat demi untuk mencapai keredhaan ALLAH. Bukan untuk berbangga apabila digelarkan sebagai orang allim, atau tujuan mengumpulkan harta, pangkat atau yang seumpamanya.

Sabda RasulALLAH ShalALLAHu`alaihiwasalam :

Sesiapa yang mempelajari ilmu kerana ALLAH, tidak mempelajari ilmu kerana inginkan harta dunia, tidak akan dia temui kecuali Syurga hari akhirat kelak…
(Riwayat oleh Abd. Razak)

Cuma perlu di ingat bahawa, jika harta, pangkat dan yang seumpamanya datang kepada seorang alim, maka tidaklah menjadi kesalahan untuk menerima dan memanafaatkannya.

2 ) Berterusan Dalam Menuntut Ilmu
Ilmu adalah lautan yang tidak mempunyai pantai dan tepian. Maka usaha menuntut dan menambahkan ilmu hendaklah berlaku secara berterusan, tidak didalangi oleh peringkat-peringkat ijazah tertentu.

Firman ALLAH Azzawajalla:

“Katakanlah (wahai muhammad) tambahkan aku ilmu.
( surah Toha ayat 114 )

3 ) Sabar
Penuntut ilmu hendaklah sentiasa sabar dalam menempuh dugaan dan cabaran yang merintangi perjalanannya di dalam menuntut ilmu sama ada yang bersiafat fizikal mahupun spritual.

Tidak perlulah diceritakan di sini sejarah para sahabat dan ulama yang menempuh segala cabaran demi untuk menuntut ilmu.

4 ) Memuliakan Guru
Sabda RasulALLAH ShalALLAHu`alaihiwasalam:

Bukan dari umatku orang yang tidak memuliakan orang tua dan mengasihi anak-anak muda kami dan tidak mempelajari daripada orang-orang alim.”
(Riwayat Abu Daud)

Saya tidak bertujuan untuk menghuraikan hak seorang alim/guru yang perlu ditunaikan oleh muridnya di dalam artikel ini cuma dicadangkan agar kita mengambil sedikit dari masa kita untuk melihat kembali perkara ini, semoga segala ilmu yang kita tuntut mendapat keredhaan ALLAH Azzawajalla.

AKHLAK PENUNTUT ILMU

1 ) Merasakan Tanggungjawab Ilmu

Diriwayatkan Daripada Muaz bin Jabal dia berkata RasulALLAH ShalALLAHu`alaihiwasalam bersabda:

“Tidak akan mara seseorang hamba di hari Akhirat melainkan telah ditanya mengenai 4 perkara: Berkenaan Umurnya ke mana yang telah dia habiskan. Berkenaan dengan Waktu mudanya apa yang telah dia lakukan. Berkenaan dengan hartanya dari mana diperolehinya dan ke mana dia belanjakan. Dan berkenaan dengan ilmu apa yang telah perbuat dengannya.”

(Riwayat oleh at-Tabarani dengan isnad yang sahih)

2 ) Menjaga Amanah Ilmiah

Sabda RasulALLAH ShalALLAHu`alaihiwasalam:

Berilah nasihat pada ilmu, Sesungguhnya khianat seseorang daripada kamu terhadap ilmu adalah lebih dahsyat daripada khianatnya terhadap hartanya, Dan sesungguhnya ALLAH akan bertanya kepada kamu pada hari kiamat.”
(Riwayat At-Tabarani)

Di antara yang termasuk dalam daerah amanah ilmu adalah beberapa perkara berikut.

  • Menasabkan atau menyandarkan pendapat dan fikrah (buah fikiran) kepada Tuannya.
  • Menyampaikan ilmu yang diketahui, dan tidak malu untuk mengatakan “tidak tahu” jika dia tidak mengetahuinya.

3 ) Tawadduk
Para Ilmuan yang menyedari bahawa ilmu adalah lautan yang tidak bertepi tidak akan merasa sombong dan bangga dengan apa yang ada pada mereka. Bahkan selagi bertambah ilmu di dada, semakin bertambah sifat tawadduk.

Firman ALLAH Azzawajalla:

Tidak diberi kepada kamu ilmu kecuali sedikit sahaja.
( Surah al-Isra’ ayat 85 )

4 ) Mulia Diri (Al-Izzah)
Para ilmuan hendaklah merasa mulia diri tidak merendahkan diri apabila berhadapan dengan pemerintah, golongan bangsawan, golongan kaya-raya dan yang seumpamanya,

Firman ALLAH Azzawajalla:

Kekuatan itu hanyalah kepada ALLAH, bagi RasulNya dan bagi orang-orang mukmin, tetapi orang-orang munafik itu tidak mengetahui.
( Surah al-Munafiqun ayat 8 )

Barangsiapa yang menghendaki kemuliaan, maka bagi ALLAH-lah kemuliaan itu semuanya.”

( Surah Fathiir ayat 10 )


5 ) Beramal Dengan Apa Yang Dipelajari

Firman ALLAH Azzawajalla:

Mengapa kamu menyuruh orang lain (mengerjakan) kebajikan, sedangkan kamu sendiri melupakan diri (kewajiban)mu sendiri padahal kamu mambaca Al-Kitab (Taurat)? Maka tidakkah kamu berfikir?”

( Surah al-Baqarah ayat 44 )

6 ) Sentiasa Berusaha Untuk Menyampaikan Ilmu

Firman ALLAH Azzawajalla:

“Dan (ingatlah) ketika ALLAH mengambil janji dari orang-orang yang telah diberi kitab (iaitu):“Hendaklah kamu menerangkan isi kitab itu kepada manusia, dan janganlah kamu menyembunyikannya”, lalu mereka melemparkan janji itu ) ke belakang punggung mereka dan mereka menukarkannya dengan harga yang sedikit, Amatlah buruk tukaran mereka terima.”
( Surah Ali Imran ayat 187 )

Sekian. Wallahu’alam.

<Allahu ma’i, Allahu nazirun ilayya, Allahu syahidi…>

Kredit/Endnotes: Azmi Hashim (Suara Persatuan Ulama’ Online), Ukhti27.

الحمد لله و بارك الله فيكم وجزاكم الله خير الجزاء

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